Four Unusual Horsemen – Weird Consequences of Climate Change

2. Higher risk of Earthquakes


Here’s another one climate sceptics will gleefully roll their eyes at, but if you read the science behind the last point you’ll see where this is going.

Once again the answer lies with glaciers and once again rather than actually causing earthquakes, melting glaciers over collision zones (areas where tectonic plates collide thus providing the friction required for earthquakes) makes earthquakes more likely.

A study by NASA and USGS on southern Alaska ( an area where the Pacific and North American tectonic plates are converging)  showed that the weight of the glaciers there has acted as a stabilising force on the North American plate making it harder for it to move and thus making earthquakes less likely. As the ice here melts, this stabilising force is lost and scientists calculated that the loss of ice over the 20th century caused sufficient crustal instability to have encouraged the St. Elias Earthquake of 1979 (7.2 on the Richter Scale). Further melting will undoubtedly make similar events more likely.

1. Undead Diseases


Don’t worry, there’s no need to start fortifying your house and preparing for the impending zombie apocalypse. We’re not talking about that kind of undead disease. No, we’re talking about diseases that lie dormant in frozen soils deep in the permafrost. As global temperatures rise, the soils in permafrost thaw to a greater depth each year and this increases the risk of diseases trapped within being released into the world. This may sound terrifying but most scientists believe that the risk of a global pandemic resulting from this process is virtually non-existent.

However numerous studies have shown that ancient diseases can survive for millennia within the ice and remain infectious. A 2014 study on Siberian Permafrost resulted in the discovery of a 30,000 year old virus, named ‘Pithovirus Sibericum’. Although it is the largest virus ever discovered, it poses no threat to humans as it only targets amoeba.

To date, no ancient diseases capable of harming humans have been discovered in the ice but more recent diseases, that have supposedly been eradicated, have been reintroduced this way. In the summer of 2016 (the hottest summer on record) incredibly high temperatures in the Siberian tundra caused frozen reindeer carcasses buried deep in the permafrost to thaw. These carcasses were infected with Anthrax and this led to an outbreak which hospitalised 20 people and killed a young boy. In 2004, US researchers managed to revive Spanish Flu, a disease that caused a devastating pandemic in the aftermath of the First World War, from a corpse frozen in the Alaskan permafrost. Scientists even discovered fragments of smallpox DNA (though thankfully not the active disease) in corpses frozen in Russian permafrost. The permafrost in that region usually melts to 30-60cm depth in the summer but during the summer of 2016 it melted to a depth greater than a meter!  In short, while diseases released from thawing permafrost do not pose a major threat to the global population, it is perhaps a complication we could do without. This is doubly true given the potential of global warming to facilitate the spread of diseases that we’re already dealing with.

So there we are – four unusual side effects of a warmer, high carbon atmosphere! They may not pose a serious danger to humanity but, in combination with the numerous other effects of climate change – from sea level rise to drought to the intensifying of tropical storms – they warrant our attention. The systems that operate on our planet are complex and finely balanced and, by upsetting that balance, we have triggered responses which we never could have anticipated. These are just some of the ones we know about. What other consequences we may face remains to be seen…

20 Replies to “Four Unusual Horsemen – Weird Consequences of Climate Change”

  1. UserbolaVIP Alternative Link
    Through online gambling video games, you may get income because well
    as entertainment without having to be able to leave your comfort at home.
    Many of the sites which offers the greatest online gambling games inside Indonesia is UserbolaVIP.
    Through this site, you can discover various types of
    interesting in addition to popular gambling video games such as soccer betting, online
    slots, online casino, lottery, on the internet poker, arcade online games and so about.

    Unlike other betting sites that you could discover on the internet, UserbolaVIP gives you various conveniences in online
    gambling online games. As a brand new member, you may be offered a lot of convenience
    in enrolling, getting lucrative bonus deals, including an alternate UserbolaVIP link of which you can accessibility without having to experience problems being blocked
    or even having to use a VPN.

  2. Userbola
    Halo para pecinta taruhan bola, Selamat datang
    pada Agen Userbola. Userbola ialah salah satu agen makelar penyedia taruhan bola online yang
    berstandar internasional. Userbola juga bisa dibilang
    sebagai agen bandar bola terbaik di Indonesia, karena userbola selalu
    memprioritaskan member dengan memberikan kenyamanan dan security bermain. Tidak ada
    yg ragu lagi dengan games yang disediakan dan keahlian kami dalam mengurus
    atau melayani semua kesulitan pra membernya.

    Keunggulan bermain pada situs Agen Userbola:
    Kalian dapat memainkan berbagai ragam permainan dari produk berkelas dunia:
    Sportsbook: Sbobet | Maxbet | Maha168 Sporting activities
    Judi Casino: 338 Casino Sbobet | Maxbet Casino | Maha168 Casino
    Slot machine game Online: Slot Online Sgd777 | Slot Online On line casino | Slot Online Joker123
    Togel: Klik4d | Isin4d | Maha168 Togel
    Poker: Maha168 Poker
    Bola Casino: Tangkasnet | 88tangkas | Tangkas1
    Fish Hunter: Joker123
    Sabung Ayam
    Kami memberikan pelayanan terbaik, dilayani dengan customer
    service 24 quickly pull tanpa offline. Dilengkapi oleh fitur livechat dan messenger seperti line, whatsapp,
    dan sms centre.
    Visi lalu misi kami adalah memprioritaskan kenyamanan dan keamanan associate.
    Data pribadi akan dienksripsi dengan keamanan ketat yg susah untuk dicuri oleh orang yang tidak bertanggung jawab.

    Berapapun kemenangan yang dimenangkan member akan tetap dibayar tanpa batas maksimal.

    Userbola tidak akan memutuskan sepeserpun yang menjadi hak member.

    Dapat menikminati promotional dan hadiah jackpot menarik dari agen Userbola
    Cara Daftar dan Deposit di Agen Userbola
    Anda dapat mendaftarkan diri dengan mengklik tombol member panel yang terdapat diatas.
    Kemudian silahkan isi data pribadi anda dengan lengkap, setelah anda masuk ke
    taruhan online tersebut dan mengclaim permainan yang ingin anda mainkan. Anda
    dapat melakukan stor dana dengan cara masuk ke formulir deposit untuk mengecek rekening aktif kami.
    Untuk request proses transaksi laju anda dapat mengikuti
    tiga langkah berikut ini:

    Submit Formulir Deposit
    Requet via SMS Centre kami di +62-821-6182-5555
    Request via Collection kami dengan contact IDENTIFICATION userbola (Khusus DP/WD/TR Cepat)
    Request Melalui Live Talk Userbola secara langsung
    Harap menggunakan langkah tersebut diatas guna menghindari oknum tidak bertanggung jawab yang mengatasnamakan Userbola.
    Berhati-hatilah untuk menjauhkan hal yang tidak kamu inginkan bersama.
    Selamat berhimpun dalam komunitas Agen Judi
    Bola Terpercaya Indonesia. Userbola ada untuk anda
    yg serius ingin bermain dengan kami. Selamat Bertaruh.

    Thanks for visiting the Userbola online sports gambling agent site.
    You can feel all the advantages of playing online wagering here.
    You will definitely have a pleasurable experience when you
    are playing a favorite game. Because a reliable bettor,
    always be careful in choosing the wager that you do.
    Likewise, in choosing which agency sites are eligible to be chosen as your best partner.
    Unhealthy encounters experienced by Userbola members always advised me that they at first felt cheated by non-professional gambling agents.
    Players are often promised abundant additional bonuses when betting online soccer gambling, but not in real evidence.
    Userbola as a trusted online soccer real estate agent answers all doubts about the bitter experience.

    We provide absolute proof by serving professionally
    which you will feel when you become a member of a gambling agent.
    Starting from the deposit transaction, drawback of winning funds, and complaints around the ball user
    ID and casino. Bandar Judi Casino Customer care staff serves 24 several hours online.
    There will never be a day off to help loyal Userbola members in international online betting.

  3. 24-hour online slot site and online casino – JudiUsernesia
    JudiUsernesia is a site for playing online slot gambling and online casino that
    has 24-hour service. All online wagering games on the JudiUsernesia site
    can certainly be accessed anytime and anywhere.
    The JudiUsernesia site is also the best online wagering agent in the country
    because it is committed to serving Indonesian online gambling users.
    We, as the best online slot machine and casino game providers, will
    also carry on and provide improvements on the latest betting games every week.

    Online Slot machine Gambling Agent with a Deposit of 25 Thousand
    With regard to lovers of online slot gambling online games throughout Indonesia,
    you might have faced a similar problem where
    you want to play the slot betting you want but are forced to
    maintain back because you don’t have an satisfactory budget to play it.
    If that is the challenge that has been bothering you all this time,
    then JudiUsernesia brings very good news to all
    of you.Now you no longer need to think about big money
    to be able to play gambling online, with only twenty-five thousand rupiahs, you can immediately play the game you
    want. The online games available here are also not human judgements games because
    they come from well-known providers such as Habanero Systems, Practical Play,
    Microgaming, and many more.

  4. GELORA188 The Most popular Online Slot Agent in Indonesia 2021

    GELORA188 is the newest and most well-liked online slot agent in 2021.
    This is because GELORA188 always pays off regardless of the
    number of zealot wins, even though the value reaches
    billions of rupiah. Here the payment process is less than 3 minutes.
    In becoming the most popular online slot agent, GELORA188 has
    various types of online slot games from several renowned slot
    providers. These providers in adjunct to having various
    and fascinating online slot games, of course there are things that stand out the most from them, namely attractive promos
    and several slots gone release spin purchase features.

    Pragmatic Slots

    Who is not known similar to Pragmatic performance or Pragmatic slots.
    This one slot provider is often fixed by online
    slot fans in Indonesia. maybe you are after that a aficionado of Pragmatic play.
    Slots at Pragmatic are renowned for their easy gameplay, elegant appearance, and the overwhelming joy of living thing plentiful.

    another fascinating event practically this Pragmatic Slot is the promos that are often held, namely
    extra enthusiast promos, deposits, events, future jackpots and many others.
    The minimum pragmatic slot bet is 200 Rupiah only.
    Playing next small capital often wins a lot in pragmatic slots.

    Your safety playing in pragmatic slots is after that with ease maintained.
    One of the games that is currently inborn played at Pragmatic Slots is attractive Bonanza.

    attractive vent and features to purchase free spins are the strongest similarity for this game.
    There is moreover a game from a pragmatic slot that is no less interesting,
    namely admission of Olympus. A cool display can make you beta here.
    Jackpots along with appear frequently for this game.

  5. How to Register for a new Userslot Account

    In order to register as a member on the Userslot internet site,
    the method is very easy, typically the first step an individual have to perform is visit typically
    the official website or perhaps through the latest alternative link given by
    Userslot: BukaUserslot. apresentando

    Via the option link above a person will go right to the key page as well as in the upper correct corner, click on the ‘REGISTER’ button to enter in the registration webpage.
    Then you will certainly discover a page together with several fields that will must be filled in with your personal data completely plus correctly.

    After making sure that just about all fields are packed
    in appropriately plus correctly, complete the registration process by pressing the ‘REGISTER’ button which can be from the bottom of the registration web
    page. Within a couple of minutes you will get confirmation the accounts you
    created will be active.

    Userslot Online game Login

    After enrolling, you will obtain a user ID in addition to password which an individual can use
    to be able to login the game. To do so, get back to the principle
    web page in the Userslot site including the best you will discover two columns that say the username plus password.

    Enter your username and pass word in both fields and press
    the sign in key alongside them. When successful, you may be able to be able
    to access internet gambling online games provided by Userslot.

  6. Depobola
    Are you a fan of online gambling games? Here we
    suggest not to choose a sports agent carelessly, because presently there
    are many online soccer brokers who impersonate
    official agents to invite you to make a profit from you.

    Depobola is definitely an online football agent that has passed test from World gambling experts, and already has an official permit obtained from an official internet gambling company
    in Asia, besides that Depobola is one of the agents that provides complete
    products and products that already have official permit from the world gambling company.

    Depobola is also one of the sites that delivers the best
    service for you, here we provide all services from professional customer service who will serve
    you, our top priority is the safety of our members’ personal data privacy.
    It is because the Depobola site is one of the recommended sites from online
    gambling centers as a trusted online gambling site.

    How to Register Depobola
    Right here Depobola provides you with instructions for how to
    register on the Depobola website, here there
    are only 3 steps that you can claim your IDENTIFICATION at Depobola.

  7. USERNESIA: Official Alternative Link to Usernesia Website

    Finding the right and most trusted location to play online gambling is now the primary requirement
    if you want to be successful in this business.
    It does not matter what game you play, be it soccer wagering,
    lottery gambling, on line casino gambling, online slot
    machine games or even cockfighting. If you cannot choose a reliable
    gambling site, then you will conclusion in failure.

    Consequently, it is very important for those of you who are fresh to the online gambling
    industry to really know what requirements a site must meet so that it can be said to be the best and most trustworthy online gambling

    Provide an Official License
    The first and most important thing so that you can pay attention to is the official certificate ownership
    of the online gambling site that you will make as a partner to play gambling
    online. This established license is proof which a site has guaranteed
    service and is capable to provide what players expect in accordance with international
    online gambling standards.

    Complete & Quality Sport
    Associated with course you want to play on a gambling site that has complete
    games. Doing this, you no longer need to look for other gambling places to find the game you want.
    Not only complete, the video games provided should also be of high quality and have used the most advanced technology.

  8. Sakura188 is one of the trusted online gambling bookies.
    Sakura188 is as well as the best out of the ordinary for members, because Sakura188 has been officially licensed by PAGCOR.
    Sakura188 in addition to provides the most unqualified
    game later than highly developed features that sync past every games using just one account.

    The Best assist From Sakura188

    Sakura188 always provides the best help for players.
    We allow services such as 24-hour sentient talk that is directly served by customer
    support that has been trained in serving members.

    CS Sakura188 is furthermore always on standby to back
    up if members experience problems in the login process, transactions or in the game.
    Our staff can in addition to guide / meet the expense of the
    best promos for members.

    Excellence Sakura188 from additional websites

    Sakura188 provides the most total game and has
    subsequent to through combination checks, correspondingly that like you action there will
    be no bugs or errors that can interfere with your comfort
    afterward playing upon, Sakura188 is plus one of the companies that gets the
    best accreditation by Pagcor appropriately you don’t have to
    doubt and terror that your winnings will not be paid for by most sites and lonesome allow delightful promises fittingly that players are keen in registering.

    Sakura188 itself has a cyber security team and has prepared a system once a high enough
    security level therefore that players get not craving to clock radio that personal data can leak,
    and cause additional losses, itself
    never gets complaints and always gets fine news
    from loyal members who are always discharge duty upon Sakura188.

  9. Alternative Links UserBobolavip.
    Thanks to online gaming games, you can earn income and amusement
    without having in order to leave your comfort in the home. A internet site offering the best on-line game games inside Indonesia is
    Userbolavip. Through this internet site you can find different types of interesting and popular gaming video games such as football game, online slot
    machines, online internet casinos, lotteries, internet poker,
    game games, etc ..

    In contrast to other gaming internet sites you can locate on the net, Userbolovip gives you many different features in online game online games.
    As a new member, you will get a lots of comfort in check-in, obtain a profitable bonus,
    including the UserBolavip alternative hyperlink that you could access without having to knowledge
    blocked difficulties or must use VPN.

  10. Advantages of Playing Slots at Gelora188
    Ease of Access
    Gelora188 can be accessed anywhere and anytime using media such as smartphones or PCs for 24 hours.
    and behind various features such as enliven talk which is ready for 24 hours to encouragement and support
    you if there are problems in accessing Gelora188. and features criticism & suggestions to create our site even better.

    Advantages and Bonuses in playing
    By playing at Gelora188 the players definitely get a lot of facilitate that can be obtained.

    because Gelora188 provides the best and easiest find the money for in Indonesia.

    And if you play in at Gelora188, there is no habit to be
    scared of unpaid wins because at Gelora188 there is no dissolution limit at Gelora188.

    Safety in play
    Gelora188 is the most trusted and safest online gambling site in Indonesia which already
    has tens of thousands of active members all month.
    as soon as many members who have proven that the Gelora188 site is the most trusted and safest site in Indonesia.
    Players next don’t have to upset not quite data leaks
    at Gelora188 because at Gelora188 every incoming data will be directly encrypted by the
    Gelora188 system.

  11. Usernesia Alternative Link
    Via online gambling video games, you will get income because well as enjoyment without having in order
    to leave your comfort and ease at home. Any of these sites that offers
    the best online gambling games inside Indonesia is Usernesia.

    Through this internet site, you can locate different types
    of interesting and popular gambling online games like soccer wagering, online slots, on the internet casino, lottery, on-line poker, arcade games and so on.

    Unlike other wagering sites that you can find on the internet, Usernesia
    gives an individual various conveniences inside online gambling video games.

    As a brand new member, you may be offered a lot regarding
    convenience in registering, getting lucrative bonuses, including an alternative Usernesia
    link that will you can entry without needing
    to experience troubles being blocked or perhaps the need to
    use a VPN.

    Quite Practical Account Registration By means of Usernesia
    For those of you that can’t wait to be able to join and be in the best and many trusted gambling game in Usernesia, typically the method is
    pretty useful. All you need to do is visit the official website at or perhaps the Usernesia
    alternative link which you can swiftly access from your
    over. We will constantly update if typically the link from the particular
    button above cannot be accessed by simply our members and
    prospective members.

  12. Pandora188 was founded in 2020 is a further site when an international class that is balanced behind sbobet and maxbet.
    It has facilities and bonuses that will create members pleasurable playing on the Pandora188 site.

    The facilities provided consist of Pandora188 breathing chat, an swing link to login Pandora188.
    In order to make it easier for members to create transactions such as
    deposits and grants to the account. This is a unquestionably useful capacity for members.

    As one of the gambling sites that have won the trust of Indonesia, Pandora188’s task is to offer the best support
    and playing experience. From the beginning of the registrant,
    the first buildup to work at
    That mannerism bettor can freely decree without distressing from threats such as hacking,
    scamming or the third one is phishing. Because today there are correspondingly many sites that carry out
    these deeds to pro them. To prevent this from going on Pandora188 has a solution, in the course of others.

    Live chat Pandora188 active 24 Hours

    One quirk Pandora188 prevents deeds that hurt members behind scams, phishing and
    others facilitates stir chat for members asking questions just about
    products, games and promotions that we provide. We are ready to relief
    24 hours each meeting.

  13. Listing of Indonesia’s Latest On the internet Slots Gambling SiteUsernesia
    is a destination to list Indonesian on-line slot gambling accounts
    with all the latest games. The Usernesia site as
    a possible Indonesian slot machine gambling site will give you the
    very best experience in actively playing online slots.
    Various advantages and services have become typically the icon of theUsernesia Site.

    Each of the slot machine game gambling display characteristics that we provide
    are the the majority of sophisticated.

    With just once registering as a member, a person can enjoy
    all types of slot games provided by simply this site.
    Every single game is secure as it has received a special permit from the regional
    gambling authority plus has met international standards, pre-loaded with the
    particular latest technology that will spoil you together with
    outstanding graphic pictures and blaring audio.

    How to sign up for online slot machine game IDs on the Usernesia website
    For those of you that want to immediately join the greatest online slot betting gYou then may be
    immediately taken to the registration webpage where you will certainly look for a registration type which you
    should fill in along with your personal info
    completely and correctly.ame on the webpage
    ofUsernesia, the method is very easy. You only must visit the particular site at www. SiteUsernesia.
    com and enter the sign up page by pressing the button located at
    the leading right of the main page.

  14. 24 Hours Online Client Service Support
    For anybody who are brand new to the world of on-line gambling, there is no need to because on this
    particular site you will be served 24 hours a new
    day by consumer service that works within a friendly in addition to
    professional manner. In case you feel troubles or
    confusion relating to online gambling online games on UserbolaVIP, straight contact the CS
    via sms, phone, email, or live chat available on the particular
    official website.

    Simple Deposit / Disengagement Payment System
    No need to hold out any longer to be able to make a
    deposit or withdrawal due to the fact on this web site all financial purchase processes can be done quickly (in minutes) and of
    course properly. Userbola wants to provide maximum convenience and security with
    regard to its customers. As a result, this web site provides typically
    the best transaction digesting you can discover.

  15. One other issue is when you are in a predicament where you do not have a co-signer then you may want to try to exhaust all of your financing options. You will find many funds and other scholarships and grants that will give you funding to support with education expenses. Many thanks for the post.

  16. Judiuserbolavip is the best online slot bookmaker in 2020 plus will again end up being
    selected as the best online slot bookie site in 2021.
    The fulfillment of members that have joined enjoying with us made us the best online slot seller.
    The online slot games that individuals provide usually are slot games coming from well-known slot providers
    on the planet. Only slot machine games that possess a winning chance of above
    90% that we provide for Judiuserbolavip members.

    Have a Complete Game Collection
    The first and a lot important thing regarding a best on the internet slot bookie will be a complete and naturally quality game selection. Judiuserbolavip as a great online slot bookmaker that has the greatest providers in the world such
    as Pragmatic, Joker123, Microgaming and Playtech who create slot machine game games with
    the best sophistication close to the world. Almost all
    the games of which you can accessibility at the
    best on-line slot bookies will certainly make members comfortable
    and get several benefits such as programmed rebates when generating bets.

  17. Depobola
    Depobola is one of the intermediary agents working with the top
    online bookies sites. You can expect various products that can be accessed by online gamblers such as sbobet, maxbet,
    klik4d, cockfighting, agile ball, shooting fish, online casino, and many others.
    Depobola as a provider site for online gambling betting
    has been founded since 2014, our company is already very experienced in large purchases and provide actively playing satisfaction to online soccer betting enthusiasts.

    Features of Choosing a Depobola Site as a Football Agent
    In the purchase process, storing money or withdrawing money is processed quickly in minutes.

    Supplying the best service, served by customer service who can be contacted anytime during 24 hours online.

    Members can enjoy attractive promos and jackpot prizes
    from all the products we provide.
    Has good security standards, so there is no need to worry about personal data
    authorized by members on our site.
    Any kind of winnings it’s still paid without a minimum
    or maximum amount.
    Complete features, Depobola makes it easy for its people to contact all of us via livechat or messenger, we also make sure
    you provide an alternative site in the form of a mirror site so that it can be
    accessed by its users.

  18. If you wish for to increase your experience only keep visiting this website and be updated with the latest gossip posted here.

  19. Trusted Joker123 Online Slot machine Gambling Agent 2021

    The Joker123 Agenuserbolavip slot gambling internet
    site also has various types of fascinating features.
    Betting enthusiast members choose Agenuserbolavip
    as a trustworthy site in 2021. Agenuserbola has legally operated in advertising gambling games for Indonesia.
    Some of the things that will make us a legal and trusted site are:

    Have got an Official Permit
    Agenuserbolavip as a joker123 slot seller has operated beneath a PAGCOR license and is located in the Philippines.

    Internet site is also necessary to provide trustworthy services and transactions that comply with international standards.
    Agenuserbolavip provides also been backed by several recognized providers in Asia.

    Professional Customer support
    Just the Agenuserbolavip internet site selects the details for that customer support team that will aid the loyal
    members. Almost all services from your joker123 Agenuserbola slot internet site
    customer service are required to follow the SOPs our company provides determined in purchase to provide fulfillment to all our users
    or potential people. CS Agenuserbolavip providers are
    also available daily to serve all transaction requests or
    fix all issues faced by users.

  20. Hey There. I discovered your blog the use of
    msn. That is an extremely well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back
    to read more of your helpful info. Thanks for the post.
    I will definitely return.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.